Costing methods | managerial accounting | Southern New Hampshire University

Overview

Companies choose their costing method based on their business activities and processes, as well as the products and services they offer. A company can be a manufacturing, merchandising, or service organization; this also impacts which costing method will be most useful for its purposes. As a part of costing, the company also needs to decide how to classify overhead costs using either traditional or activity-based costing (ABC).

In this written assignment, you will choose a company, consider its business and costing requirements, and recommend a costing system that will work best for the business.

Prompt

Think about a company you know. This could be a current or past employer or a company you admire. Consider its business activities and the type of products and services offered. Based on what you have learned so far, write a short paper that reflects on the different costing methods and speculates on how they might apply to your selected company.

Specifically, you must address the following rubric criteria:

  • Company Overview: Identify the company you selected and provide a brief overview of its business.
    • Is it a manufacturing, merchandising, or service organization?
  • Costing Methods: Compare the job order and process costing methods, and explain how each of these can be applied to the company.
    • How could the costs differ if one method is chosen over the other?
  • Factory Overhead: Outline possible indirect or overhead costs the company may need to account for, and identify the type of costing the company might use for these costs.
    • If the company decides to use activity-based costing (ABC), what are some activity bases (cost drivers) it might use to allocate these costs?
  • Recommendation: Based on your analysis, recommend a costing method for the company, and explain why you think this method will work best for the business.

Guidelines for Submission

Submit your assignment as a 2- to 4-page Word document. Sources should be cited according to APA style.

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